Humboldt Current: blood from the Galapagos Islands

Humboldt Current: blood from the Galapagos Islands

The uniqueness of life on the Galapagos Islands is well documented and, for nature lovers, a visit to this region can be an inspiring and life-changing experience. For those who embark on the Galapagos wildlife voyage, understanding the reasons behind its extreme diversity can contribute to a deeper appreciation of this remarkable part of the world.
Natural phenomena Humboldt Current: blood from the Galapagos Islands

There is one natural phenomenon that can take great credit for the abundance and diversity of marine and terrestrial animals in the archipelago. The cool Humboldt now comes from Antarctica, driven by strong winds to flow to the west coast of South America and push the cool waters toward the path through the Galapagos Islands. It brings with it the nutrients it collects from dead and rotten objects on the seafloor, and when mixed with the warm Southern Equatorial currents, these nutrients rise from deep to maintain the plankton that form the basis of the food chain on the island. .

This current affects every aspect of life, both on land and around the ocean.

Water Temperature: Some people who visit Galapagos wildlife voyage are stunned by the cold water temperature, due to the Humboldt current. June to December is when the ocean is the coldest, because these months are marked by rising currents. From November to May, the flow is still there, but significantly weaker, allowing warmer waters to reach the islands. Humboldt Current: blood from the Galapagos Islands

Weather Pattern: The current is also responsible for two different seasons experienced in the archipelago: cool winters and warmer monsoon seasons. In the dry months (from June to October), strong trade winds cause currents to rise. Because the waters around the island are cooler, less evaporation, and therefore fewer rain clouds are formed. While Galapagos wildlife cruises can be enjoyed at any time of the year, two seasons can offer a very different experience.

Wild Animals: Even beyond these remote islands, Humboldt’s presence can be felt and credited as “the world’s most productive sea eco system” – responsible for 20% of the world’s amazing marine catch. Every single species – reptiles, mammals, birds, invertebrates or marine – on every single island, including the surrounding waters, is influenced by and dependent on this strong current. Nutrient waters that are brought directly or indirectly provide a source of food that supports large wildlife populations. Humboldt Current: blood from the Galapagos Islands

El Niño Effect

Current current effects may be most clearly visible when nonexistent. During a weather phenomenon known as El Niño, it is attenuated by warmer winds and decreases in air pressure. During these times, which occur cyclically every two to seven years, there is a marked decrease in the activity of local wildlife breeding. There are much fewer fish, and therefore a very large source of food in the archipelago, resulting in large numbers of animals starving to death.

The complex and definitive role played by these cold ocean currents in maintaining the rich biodiversity of the islands is an interesting aspect of one of the most interesting places on the planet. Humboldt Current: blood from the Galapagos Islands

Author Plate

Marissa Ellis-Snow is a freelance writer with special interests in the Galapagos Islands. For those interested in the Galapagos wildlife voyage, Marissa recommends travel plans organized by Naturetrek, which has brought its unforgettable sightings of the various species in one of the most spectacular areas on Earth.

Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

Usually, the word “dry season” conjures up arid vision, inadequate. But for the outlying islands of the Galapagos Islands, the dry season is nothing boring.
Unlike some other destinations around the world, the dry moon is actually an ideal time for nature lovers to start a wildlife voyage in the Galapagos. It does not experience a typical tropical climate, and between July and December is actually a time of great activity, migration and breeding. Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

What Happens During The Dry Moon?

The archipelago has two distinct seasons: dry and wet. The season here is directly influenced by the cold Humboldt Current, which mixes with warm water from the equatorial currents and causes the rich nutrients (from Humboldt) to rise to the surface. During the dry period of six months, currents are driven toward the island by prevailing trade winds, which have a profound effect on local ecology.

Animal Sea Abundance

With an abundant supply of food, marine life is growing rapidly at this time. Along with the number of fish that can be seen in shallow waters, the population of sharks, octopi, rays and crustaceans swells to a greater proportion. For sea turtles, this is the time of breeding in the prime and December marking the start of their nesting season. Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

High Height

The height of various volcanic islands means, even in the dry months, there is significant rainfall in some areas. On the plateau, the drizzle and mist of moist known as Garúa is a constant presence and, while under the conditions at the bottom is quite arid, fertile and tropical highlands. Therefore, large numbers of animals – like the Giant Turtles – migrate to higher ground for food. While this seasonal movement occurs on a smaller scale than Africa’s “big migration”, it is the same principle. To find very active wildlife, most trips to wildlife voyages in the Galapagos at this time of the year will include trips to several island plateaues.

Breeding time

Surprisingly, temperatures are lower during the dry months, and during this cold weather many species choose to breed. It is very common among bird species and, when their young are hatched, large numbers of small fish in the surrounding waters serve as a reliable source of food. Boobies, Frigate and Flightless Cormorants begin their marriage early in the dry season, and their numbers increase as the gliders begin to appear in the following months.

Other species that have a higher profile during this breeding period are the unique Lava lizards, migrant sharks, flamingoes, sea lions, penguins, whales and dolphins.

Dry Moon End

At the end of December, as the Humboldt Current slows and rises in temperature, there is a shift in wildlife activity that is clear as the second season of the archipelago – a wet approach. For those planning a wildlife voyage in the Galapagos, no time in a year is a bad time, but the dry season can be a fun and enjoyable time to visit.

Live in the Dry Season in the Galapagos

 

Water History: Barge Building in France

Water History: Barge Building in France

Even though you may be a barge vacation lover in France, how much do you really know about the history of this mode of transportation? Although waterways are now reserved for holiday activities, tourism and barge holidays, the French have relied on simple barges to maintain and grow their economies. Actually, for centuries the canals and rivers are an important component of the French trading network, connecting the English Channel, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Water History: Barge Building in France
Standardization and Transportation

Despite this crucial relation of the river, transportation is sluggish due to lack of standardization across the country. At the end of the nineteenth century, Minister of Public Works, Freycinet, had a lightbulb moment: he decided to set up a waterway network by building the same sized locks across the country. This key measures 40m x 5.20m and, once installed, the ship must be redesigned to fit within it. The new timber ship, sometimes known as the ‘Freycinet barge’, is built in dimensions of 38.5m with 5.0mm as standard. This modern standard cargo ship can deliver goods across Europe. Water History: Barge Building in France

However, how do these non-motorized ships move around the complex European canal network? The answer is the power of man – even though actual pulling is done by women, horses and even children throughout the 1800s, as well as men. Some – like Klippers and Tjalks who travel to England – use screen and other power, in Belgium and Holland, are pulled by steam-powered tugs. Progress, though faster because of standardization, can not be called fast because most people will travel on foot.

Triggering the Nation

In a drastic change in how channel transportation operated, the 1900s saw the launch of a diesel engine that eliminated the need for a puller altogether. However, because the engine is not very strong, motorized vessels like Spitzen and Luxemotors must have a distinctive pointed bow similar to the pull. This new creation is very luxurious because it comes with a kitchen and toilet – more than a few houses at that time – and independent.

By the 1920’s the wooden hull had been exchanged for steel, making stronger and tougher cargo ships that could withstand potential impacts with locks. Twenty years later the diesel engine has gained more power and many motorized barges are built throughout France, Belgium and the Netherlands. This is the peak of this industry in Europe. Non-motorized ships are drawn by diesel-powered tractors, not horses, so travel time is greatly reduced.

Goodbye to all that

The decline in French water transport began in the 1970s as faster and more efficient railways and road vehicles grew in popularity. The canals, once the source of life of the country, fell into disrepair and unfortunately not restored. Hundreds of Freycinet barges were canceled and it seemed to be the end of this crucial vessel lane.

Fortunately, barge holidays in France make this traditional form of water transport alive. Tourism blossomed in the 1970s, attracting visitors to the canals and rivers of France has not subsided in nearly four decades. Barge holidays in France showcase the country’s most beautiful and interesting areas to visitors who appreciate the gentle pace, and an alternative point of view, that barge hotels give them access.

Paul Newman is a Marketing and E-Systems Executive for European Waterways, the UK’s most respected provider if you are looking for all the luxury holidays in France or other great destinations. Part of an experienced barge team, Paul first queued to support a slow-paced barging cruise facility for anyone looking for a unique holiday experience. Water History: Barge Building in France

Heliskiing in Courmayeur: for a True Off Piste Experience

Heliskiing in Courmayeur: for a True Off Piste Experience

If you dream of making tracks through virgin powder fields and previously unmarked mountainsides, then heliskiing is definitely something you should consider.
Imagine climbing on board a helicopter in the heart of your resort and being flown deep into the Alps, away from the lifts and other people, and then being dropped off on deserted peaks to make your way down. If this sounds like you, then you need to book a heliskiing excursion as part of your next winter sports holiday.

 

Heliskiing Courmayeur

Unfortunately heliskiing is not available throughout much of the Alps: France and Germany have both banned the activity to reduce helicopter activity in the area. The good news is that in Italy there are no such restrictions. So if you dream of descending a blank canvas of snow down the south face of Mont Blanc, you can make that dream a reality from the picturesque Italian resort of Courmayeur.

Don’t be put off if this Mont Blanc adventure sounds a little too high octane for your first time heliskiing; Courmayeur also offers more gentle opportunities across a wide variety of non-glacial terrain, which greatly reduces any risks.

Many companies in the area offer everything from a full day (including two flights) to weekend or even week long adventure in heliskiing. Courmayeur is the perfect base for the sport as helicopters can land right in the centre of the piste area. That way, after your adrenaline-pumping experience, you can stop off for a hot wine at one of the resort’s beautiful mountainside restaurants before heading back to your accommodation.

What You’ll Need

Obviously to try this you’ll need a basic level of expertise. The ideal time for heliskiing is from January through to May, with the conditions in winter being tougher thanks to the larger volume of fresh powder. It is therefore advised that those taking part during the winter need experience of skiing in deep powder.

For those trying it in the spring snow, expertise in deep powder is not so important although, as with any skiing or snowboarding, you will still need a relatively good level of fitness.

Equipment you will need includes: wide skis, good bindings, skiwear suitable to the conditions (including special ski gloves), hat or helmet, goggles or sunglasses.

How to Get To There

If this has whet your appetite for heliskiing, Courmayeur couldn’t be easier to reach. There are regular flights from the UK to nearby Turin or Geneva airports with airlines including BA, Ryanair, easyJet and Swiss International.

Book an airport transfer with Shuttle Direct and just an hour and a half after touching down you could be strapping on your skis in Courmayeur. Just let us know when you book online what ski equipment you will be carrying and we’ll transport it to the resort for you at no extra charge.

Enchanted Village of Morzine Casts a Spell for Kids

Enchanted Village of Morzine Casts a Spell for Kids

Christmas is a magical time of the year, but I also know just how stressful it can be for parents – this is especially true for those with a boisterous brood! This Xmas, why not whisk the whole family off for an unforgettable vacation? This can take a great deal of pressure off the family occasion, whilst treating the little ones to plenty of adventurous fun.
Morzine is a wonderful place to spend Christmas with its two-week festival over the holi-days called “The Enchanted Village of Morzine”. A lovely and festive atmosphere sweeps across the child-friendly resort, and there are lots of great facilities and activities for kids.

 

In the unlikely event that they tire of the festival and skiing opportunities, kids can also enjoy sledding, ice skating, swimming, husky sledding and more. There is plenty for mum and dad to experience here too! Another key selling point? A quick and easy journey to get there: fly into Geneva and then jump into a pre-booked Geneva to Morzine transfer.

Check out the schedule for the brilliant two-week festival:

Illuminations – To get everybody in the festive mood, the entire Tourist Office Square is decorated with stunning illuminated decorations. This looks fantastic against the white of the snow lit up beneath the starry night sky.

Father Christmas – What is Christmas without a visit from jolly Old Saint Nick!? The little ones will be thrilled to see Santa arrive in the village with plenty of joy and gifts in tow.

Workshops – Keeping children happy and entertained can be challenging over the holidays, but not here. There are dozens of workshops to keep them busy and this is also a great way for them to make new friends. Card making, garland- and druid-making work-shops are just a few options.

Ice Sculpture – Professional ice sculptor Sebastien Cohendet is in town and watching him turn a block of ice into a piece of art is an experience that is sure to dazzle the entire family.

Fireworks – Get ready for plenty of “ooohs” and “ahhs” with Morzine’s very own fireworks displays. In the snowy mountains, this is a unique experience and even more magical than the displays you get back home.

Children’s Cookery Classes – Another great way to keep your brood busy, the children’s cooking classes will teach them how to make a range of tasty treats in a fun and safe environment. Who knows, they may enjoy it so much that they offer to cook back at home!

Street Theatre – No Christmas is complete without theatrics. Watch the superb and highly amusing street theatre parades put on over the course of the festival. These really un-ite the village and get everybody in the mood for an unforgettable Christmas.

Entry to the festival is free too, so you can benefit from all this excitement without break-ing the bank! Now that is good value for money.

The enchanting resort of Morzine is really easy to reach too. Simply book a flight to Ge-neva and arrange a Geneva to Morzine transfer in advance. There are dozens of flights made from a number of budget carriers, and the flight takes just under 1.5 hours. A Geneva to Morzine transfer will take a little over an hour, so you can sit back and enjoy the views as you are whisked away into the mountains.

Morzine is a marvellous place to spend the holidays this year as it becomes a breathtaking winter wonderland and has dozens of activities to keep the kids happy and content.

Why choose Singapore Airlines

Why choose Singapore Airlines

Singapore Airlines is the leading airline in Singapore, offering regional and international air services to travelers. The services offered are equally outstanding and because of the same, he is on the top list of the Air Industry.
However, if you plan to fly with Singapore Airlines, you can book your flight tickets via online or can call the Singapore Airlines booking number. The airline team will provide complete assistance. So, you can contact them anytime. Why choose Singapore Airlines

On the off chance, if you want to collect general information, then you can contact Singapore Airlines Customer Service. The team will provide comprehensive data on any query. The information provided by them is very useful and useful for travelers.

If you want to fly with Singapore Airlines, you should know about this Air Baggage Policy, and for the same, you can contact your Singapore Airlines reservation number. Through this number, you will get a full idea of ​​the baggage and can also collect data relating to online booking procedures and online check-in procedures.

However, if you think, what are all the benefits you will get from Singapore Airlines, then follow the steps given below.

Features of Singapore Airlines

· Airline offers spacious living and living area.

· Provide entertainment facilities and Wi-Fi services so that tourists can enjoy the show they love during the trip.

· The baggage policy is easy to use and framed as per the convenience of the rider.

· The frequency of the flight is too good and therefore, allows most travelers to reach their destination.

So, if you want to know more about Singapore Airline, then call Singapore Airlines Free Number. This number is worth 24 * 7, so you can make calls anytime to get their full support. Why choose Singapore Airlines

A Wild Walker Winter Come True Dream!

A Wild Walker Winter Come True Dream!

Winter sports fanatics can quickly become exhausted with the normal activities on offer. For those who crave a call that is really exciting and close to nature, leave skiing in this winter chalet. Walking on the ice and the thrill of every crunch under your feet on the glacier should be the next winter adventure. Glued to the screen at the end of your seat, you have watched a documentary about people climbing the ice, so now is the time to bring the sensation to yourself: try climbing the glacier for a unique experience that has additional benefits. takes place amid some of nature’s most beautiful natural sites. A Wild Walker Winter Come True Dream!
Franz Josef Glacier, New Zealand

The world-famous glacier is only accessible by helicopter, so all the ducks lined up to visit here to be one of the most amazing trips to mark your bucket travel list. Thisglacier continues to move, so the surging streams and floods and falling ice and rock slides are not uncommon. Be sure to check accessibility before you make your way there. But once you’re out there on the ice surrounded by a network of ice niches, blue ice and ice caves, you’ll be burdened by your own sincere feelings in the face of this big and powerful glacier. A Wild Walker Winter Come True Dream!

Chadar Trek, Ladakh, India

This lifelong Indian adventure is a challenge for those who like their difficult treks. The 100km-long 9-12 day journey has a ‘tough’ rating and not for a weak person. You will walk on the frozen Zanskar River, and may even be able to see the icy cold water pouring beneath the ice-frosted layer like the glass where you stand. This is truly an unending adventure: you will be camping in caves along the way and carrying all your own gear. It really is a baptism of fire (or ice!).

Maligne Canyon Icewalk, Canada

If you’d rather have more ice decomposing than plunging into Chadar Trek, then this two hour icewalk complies with the doctor’s orders. High-quality equipment including necessary boots and ice is offered on-site, so you are free to explore frozen waterfalls, towering ice pillars and underground caves in Maligne Canyon Icewalk safely.

Glacier gray, china

Chilean patagonia is bound to make this list, and Gray Glacier is often regarded as the eighth wonder of the world. The glacier itself and surrounding area is very beautiful. There are a number of hiking routes with varying degrees of difficulty leading to the glacier, with some very challenging treks offered for the toughest explorer out there! Strong winds, freezing temperatures and terrain that try to beat you before you even make it to the ice run, but still survive. The mesmerizingly beautiful landscape at the end is more than worth it. A Wild Walker Winter Come True Dream!

Insurance against Use and Tears …

If you have your sights on ice hiking at this destination or elsewhere, you will need winter travel insurance. While the most common policies can be expensive and limiting, there are renowned winter holiday insurance providers such as Let’s Go Insure that offer affordable rates for ice trekking and related activities. With the right insurance rates, even the most famous powdered dog and sensual seeker hunter can go through their own winter wonderland scenario with peace of mind. A Wild Walker Winter Come True Dream!

Ethan Bailey is an experienced adventure traveler and insurance expert with Let’s Go Insure team. Ethan’s spirit is to inspire his clients to go further, deeper and higher on their journey and his expertise in providing ideal insurance allows them to do just that. If you are looking for the best winter sports insurance Let’s Go works with the most experienced underwriters, intermediaries and insurers to offer competitive insurance without sacrificing protection.

How to solve the problem of lighting glare

How to solve the problem of lighting glare

Glare is one of the problems often encountered lamps, downlights glare which the most representative. Many designers do not understand how to avoid the glare of lamps, do not know how to choose the right anti-glare lighting.
Today teach you six kinds of methods to solve the glare. Before we begin, let’s take a look, under what circumstances, the human eye will feel the “glare” and what is the anti-glare lighting.

 

Note that the human eye sight is normal, as the top level to the bottom 30? 60 ?, glare it within this range, it is glare. As long as the light emitted from the lamp full control over the light-cutting angle> 30? of it, we can say this lighting fixture is Anti-glare ..

So, how to solve the problem of glare lighting it? Come! Learn this six strokes, glare go without a trace.

1.Cut-off angle> 30 degrees

When conventional lamp shielding angle is based on the normal human vision elevation of 30 degrees, lamp shielding angle greater than 30 degrees, in order to avoid the light directly into the eye.

2.Increasing the mounting height of the light source

Deep shine of the lamp under other structures remain unchanged, increasing the mounting height of the light source, in order to achieve the purpose of increasing the shading angle.

3.Conventional lights + cross-glare lamp shielding angle

Cross antiglare grille is mainly blocked in both directions vertical and horizontal lighting. The critical position of glare from the boundary adjustment to the center of the lamp, thereby increasing the shading angle, to achieve the purpose of anti-glare.

4.Conventional lights + antiglare honeycomb

Honeycomb grille net can block the glare of the light in all directions, all the accessories glare, anti-glare effect best, accessible shielding angle 90 ?. Light loss is greatest.

5.Conventional lights + Blackout leaves

Blackout leaves can be blocked in all directions, lights for easy shaping, forming angle from the lamp itself to completely block the lighting shielding effect, it is the most flexible apperlare accessories, is the most cool appearance plus factor.

Because large parts, usually used in conjunction with track lights, glare at the same time, enhance the overall image of the decoration.

6.Soft Glass

Including soft frosted glass, wove glass, Gyrosigma + frosted glass, etc., can to a certain extent, reduce the brightness of the surface lighting source, to a certain extent, to achieve anti-glare effect.

Well, learn this six strokes, no more glare, Anti-glare is so easy!

At end, I want to introduce we change the lens angle to make the Anti-glare.

Launching Commerce – Professional Backup Requirements

Starting your own business is a hiccup. You hope to nurture something through your own efforts; fulfill dreams; and become your own boss. For most new business people, their initial focus is on the product or service they will provide; their location; and their marketing design (including “seeing” their business).
But always forgetting is the need for good professional advice. One of the first things everyone needs to do is get professional advice. The three main areas of advice needed in any new business are:

• Constitution

• Settlement

• Insurans

In the beginning, where the money may be tight, it is interesting to circumvent rather than spend money on a peguam, akauntan or insurance broker or ejen. Often the idea is to suspend the shopping mall for this professional until the trade fair exchanges. Even though the filming of kos is so tempted, it is also a mistake. The solemn professional advice is the reshaping of the future of the business enterprise.
Having a third or three professional advisors at the beginning of your business venture has advantages. First of all, it means that everyone knows your business from scratch and can help guide it from the start. Second, they have the opportunity to work as a troop. Often advice by a professional will affect what others do.
But while hiring a professional may be a concern, there are several ways to subtract the boarding. First, talk to them in front of them and find out what they are paying for their rituals. Secondly, see if you can get a “fixed fee” offer (in proportion to the bill based on the time it takes). Third, make sure the professional has relevant experience. This may be very important with regard to legislation, wherein the peguam tends to focus only on one or two areas of practice. Dealing with a lawyer who practices corporate and commercial law will be easier than a person who does not (and may need to work around issues that an expert might know – an investigation you may need to pay).
Finally – educate yourself! You do not have to be an expert, but doing a basic investigation before talking to a professional is important. For example, before seeking legal advice on merging, see principles on establishing the organization including some general issues to deal with and alternatives. It will help to cultivate your questions and provide clearer direction, making the work of the rapport easier and faster. Certain web pages may provide you with a cheap educational tool that can save your life when dealing with your lawyer.

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

For anyone with an interest in natural history, the group of islands collectively known as the Galapagos Archipelago is one of the most fascinating places on the planet. The region is renowned for its unique wildlife and the vital role it played in naturalist Charles Darwin’s research, from which he developed his revolutionary Theory of Evolution.
While the majority of visitors on guided Galapagos holidays arrive to experience a close encounter with the iconic wildlife, learning a little of the area’s geologic history can enrich the experience even beyond expectation.

 

The Anatomy of an Archipelago

The most common way for an archipelago to form is through constant volcanic activity. (They can also form from continental islands, due to erosion or evaporation of water.) Volcanic archipelagos can form in the ocean and in rivers or lakes as they erupt on beneath the surface of the water. When oceanic, the resulting land masses are known as an “island arc”. In many cases this forms as a result of a “hot spot”, in which parts of the Earth’s crust (tectonic plates) continually shift and create friction.

Where two tectonic plates meet and create a hot spot, magma (red-hot molten rock) can push through the sea floor to create an underwater volcano. As tectonic plates continue to shift over the hot spot, the constant eruptions cause lava to build up and up over millions of years until they emerge from the surface of the ocean to create an island.

In some cases, activity ceases when the tectonic plate eventually moves away from the hot spot. But in others, for example in Hawaii and Japan, the island chains continue to evolve, with many of the volcanoes still active today.

The Geology of Galapagos

The Galapagos Archipelago was formed through the repeated movement of the Nazca tectonic plate over millions of years. As it took place over such a long time period, the eastern islands in the chain are actually millions of years older than some of those in the west. The younger ones, like Isabela and Fernandina, for example, are thought to only be around a few hundred thousand years old, and are still in formation today. Some of the older ones, like San Cristobal and Espanola, may be up to five million years old – still relatively young in the history of the world. With the exception of Isabela (which, as the largest, is made up of six), each island was formed from a single volcano.

Due to their volcanic nature, most of the islands in the chain have a similar conical appearance, but they range from those with very low, gentle slopes to some that soar steeply more than 5,000 feet above sea level. It is this varied of topography that has created the astonishing diversity of habitat that supports the magnificent array of unique wildlife – much of which is endemic.

Discover a Unique Region on Galapagos Holidays

The geology and ecology of this isolated island chain make it one of the most unique places in the world. For those who want to learn more, organised small group Galapagos holidays provide the opportunity to explore this rich, bio-diverse part of the planet in an intimate, educational and truly memorable way.