Man vs Wildlife – Creating a Sustainable Society on Galapagos

Man vs Wildlife – Creating a Sustainable Society on Galapagos

The Galapagos Islands are primarily known for their abundance of unique wildlife and as the place in which Charles Darwin’s conducted the research that led to his Theory of Evolution. For those who explore the area on a Galapagos wildlife cruise, a visit to this fragile, fascinating chain of islands is a once-in-a-lifetime experience; but for more than 25,000 people, the archipelago is home.
A Growing Population

 

Since the 1970s the population has increased greatly, with more than 75% of the current number having migrated from the mainland. Human occupation is restricted to an area that encompasses just 3% of the total land, with the vast majority living in the coastal towns on Santa Cruz, Floreana, San Cristobal and Isabela. A far smaller proportion (around 15%) lives in the more rural areas.

Most of the migration occurred for economic reasons, with a rapidly growing tourism industry and a declining standard of living on the Ecuadorian mainland. Before the implementation of the special immigration protocols in 1998, it was estimated that at the then-current rate, the population of the archipelago could double every decade. Since then, stricter controls have been put in place by the Ecuadorean government, which include a system of Transit Control Cards for all visitors coming into the area on Galapagos wildlife cruise itineraries.

Creating a Sustainable Society

Creating a sustainable society in a conservation area is not without its challenges, but the Conservancy of the islands is dedicated to the ongoing education of residents to “become champions of conservation”. The aim is to encourage locals to look at subsistence through a different lens to that of mainland living. Rather than trying to recreate a lifestyle that relies heavily on imported produce, machinery and techniques that are at odds with the environment, it encourages locals to consider themselves “stewards of the archipelago”, and live within a system more compatible with biodiverse preservation.

Education: the Key to the Future

Along with the Charles Darwin Foundation and the Ministry of Education, the Conservancy is working towards education reform designed to foster a strong sense of values and engagement. Their focus is on demonstrating examples of “best practice” to teachers and administrators first, with a view to transferring this to classrooms.

Sustainable Practices in the Community

Another area in which the Conservancy is active is in increasing the capacity of sustainable agriculture throughout the archipelago, by demonstrating alternative methods of farming and environmental management.

Introduced domestic pets present a grave danger to the local wildlife; the Conservancy’s Humane Pet Management promotes responsible pet ownership and sterilisation in partnership with the Animal Balance organisation.

FUNDAR

The local Foundation for Responsible Alternative Development (FUNDAR) believes the establishment of a strong civil society is imperative to the base of any social change in the archipelago. “Citizens must act together with a common goal in order for change to happen.” While only a very small percentage of locals oppose the concept of sustainable development, in reality not much is understood about what it entails. They say it is an inter-generational process, which involves allowing residents to benefit in the “now”, but in a way that also assures that future generations can benefit too.

The Responsibility of All

While there is still some way to go until the region becomes a truly sustainable society, everybody who visits can do their part to ensure that the values are upheld. For anyone visiting on a Galapagos wildlife cruise, this means respecting the National Park Code of Conduct at all times and not doing anything to upset the balance of the ecosystem.

School Trip Ideas for Fine Planning

School Trip Ideas for Fine Planning

Even for teachers with years of experience, the need to discover original and inspiring school travel ideas can spend a lot of time in an already busy schedule. The pressure to make travel plans that are educational and engaging is not easy and, when added to the task of putting all the details of the organization in place, can seem like a tremendous prospect.
For anyone accused of coming up with the idea of ​​a school trip and related challenges, here are some expert advice from The School Travel Company, one of the most respected providers of educational travel in the UK. Setting the Foundation The first step to finding a successful school trip idea is to set the desired age, group size, budget and learning outcomes (is it for fun or is it true for learning?). The premise of the visit first needs to be approved by the Principal, and it is also helpful to consult with colleagues in order to gain a different perspective on a vision. Be prepared to plan and plan to prepare School Trip Ideas for Fine Planning

Each learning institution has strict guidelines to ensure that each visit is useful, secure and in accordance with administrative and curriculum guidelines. All necessary forms and approvals must exist, and it is a wise idea to examine all aspects of the procedure with a trusted partner.

Written consent must be obtained from the parents or guardians of each student, and experts also advise to outline the goals and outcomes of the tour education at the same time. A good way to make sure all the steps are done in a methodical way is to create a folder for each student, with parental permission, dietary requirements, medical information and even behavioral aspects that may be useful to remember.

Creating packaged lists and travel plans that can be shared with colleagues, participants and parents or guardians will save time, rather than being trapped in individual correspondence slushes. Although initially takes a long time, it saves time and confusion in the long run. School Trip Ideas for Fine Planning

Preparing Young Minds for Experience

As well as taking care of logistical details, students should be well prepared and given every opportunity to get the most out of the experience. This involves their introduction to an upcoming educational event within the classroom limits first. Establishing relationships with subjects and goals not only serves to annoy their interests, but also creates a sense of community and joy. School Trip Ideas for Fine Planning

Engaging young hearts and minds can be achieved in a variety of ways, including watching movies and documentaries, downloading fund plans or lessons from the Internet, inviting past participants to talk, discussing travel plans with a focus on the ‘fun’ part if the way out has the most academic focus , and may establish competition in place regarding certain places or landmarks. List of experts

Finally, a tried and proven way to reduce the pressure of organizing a school-based trek is to request the services of a dedicated school tour operator. A reputable company can provide a variety of school trip ideas and work to create a bespoke travel schedule to suit different learning goals. They will also take care of better details to ensure the tour is a logistical success.

John Gardiner is Managing Director of The School Travel Company, a tour operator specializing in English study tours for school and youth groups, as well as travel to destinations in Europe and beyond. As a father and avid traveler, John is keen to provide students with a valuable and exciting learning experience outside the classroom. By sharing expert advice with teachers, he allows them to inspire their students and continue their studies into life. School Trip Ideas for Fine Planning

Keep Your Mind Comfortable with Journal of Stress

Keep Your Mind Comfortable with Journal of Stress

At first, feeling stressed may seem pretty normal.

After all, who’s not stressed in Britain these days? However, it can be dangerous if left untreated.

According to statistics from the Labor Force Survey, pressure is a factor in 37% of all occupational health related cases from 2015-2016. It also accounts for 45% of all lost working days.

Some people use aromatherapy, copper, and other tools to cope with stress. However, many are still struggling with it. You need a proactive way to fight stress.

Use the Journal of Stress
Stress journals are a simple way for you to manage your stressful feelings in a healthy and proactive way. Think of it as a one-person therapy session you can get at anytime.

Using a stress journal is simple. All you have to do is write down your stress feelings. Eventually, you will identify patterns in your stress. In this way, you can find ways to reduce stress behaviors.

You may never keep a diary, but keeping a journal can be the key to controlling your stress. It’s not about the quality of your writing, it’s about putting your feelings on paper.

Articulation Feelings

Have you ever had problems explaining to people why you are stressed out?

Verbal communication may not work best for you, but the journal gives you a way out for complicated feelings.

If you have difficulty expressing and voicing your feelings, writing down those feelings can help you to better recognize your feelings. Imagine finally being able to show your stressful feelings.

It will do wonders to improve your mood!

Emotion Process

Have you ever had difficulty dealing with your feelings? Everyone has different ways of coping with stress.

Some smoke or buy cigarettes online UK, while others are massaged. Once you find the appropriate stress relief method for you, why not try expanding your armory? Having a variety of ways to cope with your stress ensures you will always be in touch with your emotions – and your methods remain effective.

If you are stressed and upset, finding a way to process difficult feelings can be difficult. The stress journal will give you time to reflect on your feelings.

Having a bad client call or a fight with your spouse may seem awful, but this is not the end of the world.

Take the time to write down your feelings and be able to reflect on them is very important to manage stress. It can also help you to put your problem into perspective.

Identification of Stressor

When you are stressed, it is easy to associate frustrations and feelings with the wrong cause. Keeping a journal can help you make the breakthrough to find exactly why you feel so depressed.

You may think that meeting with your boss stresses you. But after seeing a few entries for a few weeks, you find that talking to a particular co-worker before the meeting leaves you more stressed than just talking to our boss.

Dealing with stress is important. However, finding the cause of stress is just as important. As you sort through your journal, you may feel your stress is caused by something you never even thought about.

Journal of Stress: Wrapping Up
How do you cope with stress?

Do you have a way to deal with the stress that has helped you in the past? Tell our readers about it in the comments section!

Best Practices for Promoting Your Online Slot Business

Best Practices for Promoting Your Online Slot Business

Just like other income-generating businesses, finding and targeting ideal customers is very important for every casino. But how can businesses promote their online slots?

One approach to old gamblers has been to encourage is to reduce the slot to attract customers. But, it will not meet your online needs. Thus, you need a solid marketing strategy that embodies the best promotional practices.

In this post, we’ll look at some ideal practices to promote your slot.

Let’s dig!

It starts with research
It is important to understand that every business is unique. How your customers or clients think you are not the same as how they see your competitors.

To understand your customer base, you want to create segments by age group to find out their gender, income, location, and work. Creating a customer persona is also another way of imagining your ideal customer. This helps you create a reasonably actionable, actionable campaign.

Research also lets you identify where most of your customers are. For most businesses, it’s easier to connect and interact with their audiences on social media platforms like Twitter and Facebook.

Be Proactive and Creative
This is an ideal technique for targeting your favorite customers. So, if you want to increase your retention, creativity can be the best tool for capturing the right customers. For example, AllSlots Casino has MegaSpin Slots that let you play up to nine slot machines at once.

Try creating a unique choice proposition that your competitors do not use. The idea here is to make your online slot as attractive as possible for your potential clients. You need to apply your unique proposition in all critical areas.

Content consumption is high enough online. So make sure to create visual and text content on your new proposition. Identify the right channel to reach your customers and share with them your new proposition.

You can also get famous gambling publications to cover your ideas. That way, you can gain interest from the ideal customer.

Reach Out to Blogger
Consider having a network of bloggers and influencers to reach out when launching a new campaign. It will even be more useful if some of them are experienced or gambler by following online or community.

Blogger outreach helps your news or posts get appeal quickly. Plus, it lets you take advantage of an audience that is interested in your product / service. The right movers and movers in your niche will give your content the coverage and exposure it needs.

Like any other marketing strategy, finding the right blogger to promote your online slot requires planning. Start with a hit list of bloggers and influencers who have built a name for themselves in your industry.

Online Slot – Takeaway
Targeting an ideal audience is important to optimize your marketing campaigns. You can also use online surveys to analyze your USP to identify strong and weak areas.

Be sure to define your marketing goals before launching your campaign. They can be short or long term depending on what you want to achieve. Keep in mind that a successful online marketing strategy for online slots is a continuous process.

Enjoy Christmas With the Children in La Plagne

Enjoy Christmas With the Children in La Plagne

Christmas decorations have started to appear in the shops, meaning that now’s the time to start preparations for the festive period (especially if you have little ones!). If you want to treat the family to a special Christmas and something a little different this year, then I highly recommend spending the holidays in the snowy La Plagne. Chalets serve as fan-tastic holiday havens, and there are many cosy and family-friendly ones to choose from. Additionally, the resort is always transformed into a winter wonderland. What could be better than a magical white Christmas?
I adore the holiday season in La Plagne, and families always seem to have an unforget-table celebration. Here is what you can expect over the Christmas period.

 

Atmosphere

It is impossible not to get caught up in festive excitement, as everybody is on their holiday and the entire area looks like something out of a Christmas film! This creates an electric atmosphere that simply cannot be matched back at home.

Decorations

Christmas decorations and lights are placed all over the resort, transforming the area and creating a festive vibe. There is also a gigantic Christmas tree in the centre, which will take your breath away.

Skiing

Skiing in La Plagne is an absolute must, and you can even do this on Christmas Day. It is a great way to get some exercise before indulging the rest of the day! The ski lifts and schools operate as normal, but there’s a unique atmosphere in the air. Be sure to look out for skiing Santas!

Christmas Events

La Plagne has many cheerful Christmas events that the whole family can enjoy. Im-merse yourself in the festivities by checking out a fun play or show, or spend time trawl-ing the bustling Christmas markets. Here you can discover all kinds of great gifts or find something tasty to eat.

Santa Visits

No Christmas is complete without seeing jolly old Saint Nick, and he always stops by on his sleigh to visit the kids and bring plenty of festive cheer (and presents, of course!).

Fireworks and Street Parades

Another reason that the atmosphere is so spirited is because wonderful street parades take place around La Plagne. These colourful, lively and often musical parades really unite the village and bring people together. There are also brilliant firework displays that are set against the stunning backdrop of the Alps and the twinkling blanket of stars above.

Restaurants

Need another fantastic motive for coming for Christmas? You don’t have to cook or wash up! Simply book a table at one of the many terrific restaurants, which have special festive menus with traditional dishes and all the trimmings. If you want to enjoy Christmas dinner at a restaurant, be sure to book in advance.

It gets better: the cosy accommodation is perfect for a snug Christmas in La Plagne. Chalet catering is available as well, which is convenient if you want to take a break from cooking and have all of your food taken care of.

Gifts

Whilst you may be able to find a few presents at the markets and around town, it is im-portant to be aware that the shops are quite limited, so it is best to bring your big presents with you.

Make your trip awesome with Spirit airlines free baggage policy

Make your trip awesome with Spirit airlines free baggage policy

Spirit airlines is one of the largest airlines of United States which proffer luxurious. Spirit airlines is mostly known for its best in class traveling features. Spirit airlines cover domestic and international destinations to the various countries. All three kinds of cabin classes are provided by the Spirit airlines such as First class, Business class and Economy class. Passengers can dial Spirit airlines phone number to get more information on Spirit airlines.
What size bag can you carry on Spirit airlines for free?

 

Are you traveling in Spirit airlines first time? But don’t have any knowledge about its baggage policy? Then don’t be tensed. Spirit airlines proffer cost effective baggage policy to the passengers. But there are some restrictions behind the free baggage policy of Spirit airlines. You contact Spirit airlines customer service to know more about on baggage restrictions. You can also read the below information regarding Spirit airlines baggage allowance which is given below:

· Spirit airlines permits 1 personal item such as purse, laptop bag and briefcase. · Each item should not exceed the size 56x46x25 cm including handles and wheels. · Every bag fit in the overhead bin. · For personal item should not exceed the limit 102 cm. · An umbrella, jacket, diaper bag, child food do not count in carry on allowance.

If you are not capable to understand the above baggage policy of Spirit airlines, then contact Spirit airlines booking number to avail relevant information from the certified service representatives. They will provide better information on Spirit airlines baggage policy within simple manner. You can also book your flight ticket with the help of these representatives. There is no time to contact on this number, you can dial this number at 24/7 hours across the globe.

Jamaica Private Tours

Jamaica Private Tours

Jamaica is an island that offers something special for everyone. The northern coast of Jamaica is loaded with excursions, that are suited for every type of visitors to enjoy. Regardless of the nature of your vacation, whether you arrived on a cruise or by air. Or, if you will be a guest for a few hours or for several days; Your accommodation could be at one of the many all-inclusive resorts on the island, at a villa in the hills or by the sea; there is undoubtedly something for you.
Jamaica is an intriguing island with a rich history that has given birth to Reggae Music and gifted a delicious array of culinary selections to include the famed, Jerk Chicken, Sumptuous Beef Patties, warm and friendly people with infectious smiles. It is the land of beautiful beaches, rolling mountains and majestic waterfalls. It is also known for its great coffee, Blue Mountain, rum and fast runners. Whatever adventure you are looking for you can find it in Jamaica.

 

Like other tourist destinations you may hear of, or may have visited, transportation is an important part of the vacation experience. There are usually several options available for travel when in Jamaica. On one hand, there are big tour coach buses in Jamaica that offer tours to many of the popular attractions. These tours are normally good, but can loose the great-effect, especially because there are too many personalities to be managed. They usually lack flexibility and so it somewhat more ridged. On these group tours, there is normally a schedule, but the tour can sometimes go at a slower pace than is expected, and so can be a bit infuriating and inconvenient for as some persons.

It is always great to have choices, so, on the other side of the coin, there is the private tours catering to your unique and specialized needs. For most guests, this is certainly a better experience because you get to enjoy the company of your group members in a more intimate space; you all get to control the outcome of your adventure. Customized private tours Jamaica permit guests to touch, feel and see the culture of the island in a way that is not available when you travel on group tours. Tours are enhanced when there is a private driver who will more or less become a friend for the day. The treats are better because the focus is totally on your party regardless of the size.

Each traveler has different interests and has peculiar ways of having fun. Being from different walks of life, and having different perspectives on life, your tours should be able to accommodate and reflect that too. Considering this, a small tweak on a private tour could make all the difference- this is what a private tour offers and much, much more.

Great Business Partners


 
What is your talent? A learner born in a crowd – a talent in privacy,? Marilyn Monroe said.

You can also turn your hobby into a full-time business. Here you can find useful hints:

01. AFILIA VIOLETS. He specializes in the harvesting and organizing of this popular indoor plant. Cultivate, comfort and sell during sign-up
full bloom. Bring accessories, such as stoneware, shelving and lighting. Keep a small but permanent ad in your localized akhbar.

02. CHANGES. Replace the buttons, leave the gari, grip arms, dizzy headache, shabby improvements for clothing stores, dobbies and cleaners who have not offered this reverence. You may work for them or leave a price poster in their store.

03. ARROWHEADS. Collect, buy, sell and make (with deer and clove horns) Indian arrows for devotees, exhibitions and demonstrations. Sell ​​a referral and / or informative booklet
and do-it-yourself tools. Offers various types of flint.

04. AUTO REBUILDING PARTS. Works with workshops and mechanics. The expert in the original build one piece (carburettor, main cylinder, electronic ignition) for one or more tin.
Install the kit, ream and / or reattach and guarantee all your work.

05. AUTO TOUCH-UP. Fixed a small dent, cover rock chips, remove rust, polish, clean tape. Renewal of sap and plastics, removes najis to help bring the best price or trade. Ads below
Auto / Lori for sale, with price.

06. AUTO PAWN SHOP. Hold the train as a fraud for short-term loans. Hold the header (if it is obvious) or, “buy” the train with a 30-day purchase price agreement or limited power of attorney.
Check out the laws and get legal advice before proceeding!

07. AWNINGS, WINDOW. Make shape and pairs of fixed fabrics and folding folders and or metal awnings for storefronts, teres, splints, trucks and easy-to-use homes. Offers an option of aterial, color and price. Advertise the price and avail.

08. BABY DOLLS Make a child with a fine wig from baby baby baby belongs to a customer like a sculpture memento. Try to get the cloth from the real baby clothes to make the clothes look the same for a child’s statue
(works from image if possible). Enter the glass

09. BARBEQUE. Use an easy-to-do meat smoker (like a treler) to bring to exhibitions, festivals and celebrations. Provide inventory
Sandwiches are available, but they always have fire AND AROMA (a little leftover or sauce) will attract more commerce.

10. BELT BUCKLES. Stock selection of waist straps for truck guides, workers, and so on. Have customized shapes and badges created for local sets. Arrange to offer a good price on leather waist straps
also (importing some for sale at an attractive price).

11. BENCH RENTALS. Bina bench bas-balls and with permit bandar, put it for free to the bookie at various bass stops. Pay painters sign to advertise
customers who pay you each month for advertising and space.

12. BIRD EXERCISE DUTIES. Create endless or auto-turning ribbons to teach birds to talk, wisel or sing. Sell ​​or rent the equipment needed to be installed in or near the enclosure. An additional mark for shelving
The bird’s own voice gave directions to the ribbon.

13. BIRDHOUSE BUILDING. Foster and decorate birds and home bullets that are well designed and designed specifically for the native birds of your area as well as places that emigrate to or through your area. Grooming
small info folder for each model.

14. REPEAT LESEN YEAR. Birthday compilations (birthdays, etc.) People in your area for hire as mel list for local accounts.
Alternatively, the contract takes the card every year for the merchant. Has a minimum set, as $ 25 for 50 letters.

15. SPECIFIC CONDITIONS. Unusual or unavailable baked toast: wheat bran, low calorie, ethnic, salt. Save small ads on paper, take orders for bread
fresh from your kitchen and / or fresh delivery to the shop.

16. BRONZING. Baby shrubs of gangsa (or pearls) etc. Create mementos, grace and trophies. Unique forms of plaque and principle with an emphasis on local purposes such as the Trade Council. Arrange plate engraved on plaque.

17. CLEARING BRUSH. With trucks, tractors and chopping machines, contracts for cleaning brushes and small staples rather than lots and widths.
Take more dirt or use a computer to go around and sell organic waste. Bids for dragging or abbreviating clean areas.

18. EQUIPMENT EQUIPMENT Purchases more equipment than sales and man-power

5 Ways Everyone Can Improve Their Restaurant Management

5 Ways Everyone Can Improve Their Restaurant Management

They say to work smarter than harder, and the restaurant industry is no exception to this rule.

Clinging to an outdated management process while continually innovating contests will only make you lose in the long run.

As a manager you will know that the customer experience depends on the food and the service. Recent studies on Yelp customer reviews even show that customers react to poor restaurant experiences with signs of minor trauma!

Nobody wants to be responsible for that, so here are five ways to help improve your restaurant management.

Collect customer feedback

Gathering customer feedback is, and will always be the best place to start when you want to improve. 5 Ways Everyone Can Improve Their Restaurant Management

By asking them to fill in a short survey, leave an online review or comment card content, you can see the areas you like and areas that may require improvement.

Remember to remain unfair while reading your feedback-as hard as possible! Some things may be more useful than others, but it’s important not to discard feedback because you do not like it.

Accounting software

Is your outdated restaurant bookkeeping holding you back?

Time is money and efficiency is always key, so you should look to save time wherever you can.

Newer, more up-to-date software will allow you to manage your inventory, view your menu costs, digitize your invoices and expenses.

You can also send a check to the vendor with just a few clicks, bringing the admin time well while maintaining high levels of transparency and efficiency.

Give your team the tools they need

It looks simple but can make all the difference.

Fully lined with linen, trays, cutlery, glasses and cushions means your team will have everything they need to do a good job.

Keeping you well equipped not only helps the team, it also helps maintain a high level of quality and consistency for customers.

Unpleasant linen and inappropriate linen will not help your reputation.

Give your team an opportunity 5 Ways Everyone Can Improve Their Restaurant Management

While you are fortunate enough to have a passionate and passionate team with a natural tendency towards hospitality, incentivisation goes a long way to maintain a high level of service.

Set goals based on KPIs and customer service targets and reward staff who hit markers.

You can also get into the game to help light up the fire of participation!

Hold monthly team meetings

Not only are customers with important business insights to share.

Try to meet team meetings every month or quarter and get feedback delivered by the whole team – cooks, kitcheners, waiting staff, and hosts.

There may be processes that cause friction over the whole team or delay service, thereby bringing this issue open and trying new ways of doing things.

It’s important for staff to feel like they have a voice, so let them talk!

Try using some of these ideas and see the differences that can be brought to your restaurant’s efficiency.

Best Montego Bay Airport Transfer Service

Best Montego Bay Airport Transfer Service

The gateway to a fantastic vacation experience is the Sangster International Airport in Montego Bay, Jamaica. To get from the airport to your resort you have two options. On one hand, there is a shared option; a vehicle is shared with other vacationers who are going in the same direction. Depending on the size group, shared transfers could be the cheaper option of the two. On the other hand, there a private transfer option; a service which offers convenience, flexibility and privacy during your travels to your resort. The rates are affordable; sometimes the same as shared shuttles.
The airport in Montego Bay, Jamaica is very important to the island’s tourism industry. It welcomes about forty large commercial jets daily carrying thousands of vacationers to its shores. Resort towns such as Negril, Ocho Rios and Montego Bay itself depend almost entirely on this airport for arrival and departure for their guests.

 

The resort districts in Montego Bay accommodate travel times between 5 and 25 minutes from the airport. Staying in Montego Bay gives the treat of a great beach experience, snorkeling, oceanic adventures, partying, dining and shopping.

Journeying west of the entry port is Negril, located about 90 minutes west of the airport. Negril is known for smaller beach front properties. It is home its famous beach, which is a 7-mile white sandy beach. Incidentally many of the hotels are located just on that beach.

Traveling from the Montego Bay Airport to Negril is convenient and eventful when you use Private Taxi Montego Bay Airport ; this is by far the better option for several reasons. After a long and exhausting travel day getting on the island, the last thing anyone wants is more delays. Having pre-booked your Private Montego Bay Airport Transfer Service you are guaranteed to get going immediately after customs. The drive to Negril is beautiful; with breathtaking sceneries of the roadway hugs the shoreline.

Going east of the Montego Bay Airport is the resort town of Ocho Rios; The journey is equally beautiful as Negril’s. Having the service of an amiable driver your private ride will become more like a tour. With private Montego Bay Airport Transfers you are figuratively in the driver’s seat, totally in control of a stop of two along the way. There is absolutely no need to wait on a big bus to be filled; the cost may even be the same.